REACH Metals Gateway

SPERCs tool for metals

For the environmental exposure assessment under REACH, default worst-case release factors to the environmental compartments water, air and soil are provided by ECHA Guidance documents, enabling first tier emission estimation. Because a wide variety of processes, substances and uses have to be covered, these default release factors often lead to significant over-prediction of releases and hence over-predicted environmental exposure concentrations and risks. In practice, however, unrealistic and worst case predictions do not support a more efficient management of releases and risk.

The Specific Environmental Release Factors (SPERCS) for metals and metal compounds provide a more realistic approach to characterize the environmental releases from manufacture, processing and downstream uses of the metal (compounds) in the EU. A database consisting of more than 1,300 recent (1993-2010), site-specific measured release factors to air and water of 18 different metals (and their compounds), from various EU Member States was compiled. The metal SPERCs can be used as advanced tier instrument in environmental safety assessments, increasing the realism of the estimates while still keeping a sufficient level of conservatism. The individual SPERC sheets can be downloaded from the respective links in the table below. Note that common on-site RMM are included in the release factors to wastewater and air. The SPERC characteristics are more delineated in the factsheets. Please always refer to the version number when using SPERCs.

The first version of the metal SPERCs was published in 2010 for the purpose of the 2010 REACH registration deadline and underwent a review process conducted by Lüskow et al. (2011) on behalf of the Federal Environment Agency of Germany (UBA). The second version of the metal SPERCs were improved based on the recommendations by Lüskow et al. (2011) and Sättler et al. (2012) and were further updated with new data for the purpose of the 2013 REACH registration deadline.  This second version underwent again a scientific review process and is published in Verdonck et al (2014).

To keep posted on future updates please email your contact details to Dr. Frederik Verdonck at frederik.verdonck@arche-consulting.be or visit : https://www.arche-consulting.be/tools/spercs-tool-for-metals-2/

 

SPERC / Life-cycle step Sub-SPERC Reasonable worst-case release factor (after on-site treatment) to SPERC fact sheet
water air waste
Manufacture and recycling of massive metal and metal powder Kd: 10,000 - 25,000 L/kg 0.03% 0.03% 2.3% Download most recent Version 2.1 (Eurometaux 1.1.v2.1)
Kd: 25,000 - 60,000 L/kg 0.01%
Kd: 60,000 - 190,000 L/kg 0.005%
Kd: 190,000 - 400,000 L/kg 0.002%
Manufacture of metal compounds Kd: 1,000 - 10,000 L/kg 0.2% 0.03% Download most recent Version 2.1 (Eurometaux 1.2.v2.1)
Kd: 10,000 - 25,000 L/kg 0.2%
Kd: 25,000 - 60,000 L/kg 0.04%
Kd: 60,000 - 100,000 L/kg 0.01%
Kd: 100,000 - 190,000 L/kg 0.005%
Kd: 190,000 - 250,000 L/kg 0.002%
Kd: 250,000 - 400,000 L/kg 0.001%
Formulation in alloys   0.005% 0.005% 1% Download most recent Version 2.1  (Eurometaux 2.1.v2.1)
Industrial use: shaping massive metal   0.003% 0.02% Download most recent Version 2.1 (Eurometaux 12a.1.v2.1)
Industrial use in batteries metals    0.003% 0.003% Download most recent Version 2.1 (Eurometaux 12a.2.v2.1)
Industrial use in metallic coating metal (compounds)   0.5% 0.2% Download most recent Version 2.1 (Eurometaux 5.1.v2.1)
Formulation of metal compounds Plastics and rubber This SPERC is obsoleted. The user is referred to the respective DU sector organization SPERCs (CEPE, ETRMA, A.I.S.E., ECMA,…). Download most recent Version 2.1 (Eurometaux 2.2a-c.v2.1)
Paints and coatings
Other sectors
Industrial use of metal compounds Plastics and rubber This SPERC is obsoleted. The user is referred to the respective DU sector organization SPERCs (CEPE, ETRMA, A.I.S.E., ECMA,…). Download most recent Version 2.1 (Eurometaux 2.5-6a-c.v2.1)
Textile
Glass

Last page update: 1 October 2018